Reason leading up to a failure.
Physical, chemical or other processes which lead or have led to failure.
Failure mode, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) is an extension of failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA).
FMECA includes the RPN and a degree of quantitative input taken from a source of known failure rate (such as MTBF), information about pre-failure warning, if the failure is hidden or evident and the failure pattern to support on the maintenance strategy identification.
A failure reporting, analysis, and corrective action system (FRACAS) is a process for reporting, classifying, analyzing failures and defining and implementing corrective actions in response to those failures. It is typically used in an industrial environment to collect data, record and analyze system failures and should be incorporated on the EAMS or CMMS to support reliability improvement.
Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is risk based step-by-step approach for identifying all possible failures in a design, a manufacturing or assembly process, or a product or service. It is a common process analysis tool.